The key difference between IVF and ICSI is how the sperm fertilizes the egg. In IVF, the egg and sperm (of which there are many) are left in a laboratory dish to fertilize on their own. In ICSI, the selected sperm is directly injected into the egg.

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What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization is a latin phrase that means “in glass.” The human body is magnificent but unpredictable. Even with the most sophisticated imaging technology in the world, it is not easy to see what is happening on the inside. When a woman is struggling to conceive, IVF is often the most effective way to help, whether or not we know what is causing her infertility. The IVF procedure allows us to create a controlled environment that significantly enhances the opportunity for fertilization of the egg. We have a high rate of IVF Success rates with professionally qualified doctors for infertility.

In IVF, sperm and egg are combined in a laboratory dish—this is the “glass” in the name—incubated, and carefully monitored throughout the fertilization process. Over the course of 3 to 5 days, successfully fertilized eggs develop into embryos. Then the embryo quality is examined for transfer, freezing, or further culturing and development.

What is ICSI?

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a powerful assisted reproductive technology (ART) used at First IVF Fertility Centre in many cases of male infertility. ICSI represented the second major advance in modern fertility treatment – the first being IVF – because it enabled fertility specialists to directly address the problem of male factor infertility. The ICSI procedure directly introduces an individual sperm cell into each of the eggs obtained during the IVF (in vitro fertilization) process. The resulting embryo is then transferred to the uterus to initiate pregnancy. ICSI has proven to be a truly revolutionary technology, giving new hope to many couples who had been unable to conceive.

An IVF-ICSI procedure includes several steps that may vary per patient, according to the prescribed treatment plan. Our process at First IVF commonly involves:

Ovarian Stimulation – a woman usually produces one egg from her ovaries during normal ovulation. In order to increase the chances of fertilization during IUI, our specialist will give her fertility medicine at the start of her menstrual cycle to encourage multiple eggs release.

Egg Retrieval – Eggs are retrieved through a minor surgical procedure that uses ultrasound imaging to guide a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity to remove the eggs. Medication is provided to reduce and remove potential discomfort.

Sperm Collection & ICSI – On the day of Egg Retrieval, a semen sample is taken to fertilize the retrieved eggs. To increase chances of fertilization, a single sperm is injected into each egg using a precision needle in a method called ICSI.

Embryo Transfer – Embryo Transfer is a minor procedure that does not require sedation.

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