Genetic Testing

Genetic testing is an option offered at First IVF Fertility Center that can put patients at ease regarding the health of their embryo(s) in addition to their chances for a successful pregnancy with In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

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Each type of genetic screening is used prior to the embryo transfer procedure in order to help ensure a healthy embryo that is free of abnormalities. These tests identify anomalies in the embryo that might affect implantation, detect serious genetic conditions like Down syndrome and cystic fibrosis, and even allow parents to choose the sex of their baby should they wish to do so.

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)

We know that every parent wants a healthy, happy baby. To help increase the likelihood of giving birth to a healthy child, we offer Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD). PGD is often used in conjunction with In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) to help choose the healthiest embryos for implantation into a woman’s uterus. It is one of the best techniques available to assist doctors in identifying and avoiding certain serious genetic diseases, and allows your baby to have a healthy start.

PGD Definition

PGD is a simple test to help diagnose genetic disorders in embryos before they are transferred to a woman’s uterus. The test helps identify genetic abnormalities that may lead to disease during or after a child’s birth. PGD testing is minimally invasive the embryo and is used as a screening method to determine if a disease is present.

How it works?

To perform PGD testing, a fertility specialist will remove one or more cells from the embryo using a high-powered microscope. These cells are then tested by our embryology team for specific genetic traits of interest that are linked to genetic disorders.

Who is a good candidate for PGD?

Many couples choose PGD because they are concerned about genetic disorders that could be passed along to their children. PGD is also an optional choice for couples who are experiencing repeat pregnancy loss (miscarriage) due to genetic disorders, and for couples who already have one child with a genetic disorder and are at high risk of having another child share the disorder. PGD testing makes it possible to decrease the risk of having a child who carries a genetic abnormality.

What genetic issues can PGD identify?

Our single gene analysis testing screens embryos for a number of inherited disorders including Cystic Fibrosis, Fragile X, Myotonic Dystrophy, Thalasaemia, Tay Sachs, and others. Every couple may have a different reason for choosing to pursue PGD. Our Doctors can work with you to determine which type of PGD analysis is most appropriate.

Pre -Genetic Screening (PGS)

First IVF and Fertility Center wants to provide every patient with a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby. Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) can provide peace of mind for women who have experienced repeat pregnancy loss (miscarriage), are of advanced age, or are concerned about their proposed In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) success rate. PGS helps doctors identify chromosomally normal embryos prior to transfer into the uterus.

PGD Definition

PGS screens for a number of common embryonic chromosomal disorders, including a condition called aneuploidy – where embryos have too few or too many chromosomes. The technique can help identify abnormalities that can cause implantation failure during IVF, as well as uncover conditions like Down syndrome (which is caused by an extra chromosome).

Studies show that the overall rate of chromosomal abnormalities in embryos is about 50 percent. As women age, the risk of chromosomal abnormalities increases and so does the risk of miscarriage from these abnormalities. PGS can help improve the likelihood of a successful pregnancy by identifying the healthiest embryos prior to embryo transfer.

Who is a good candidate for PGS?

PGS is commonly offered to couples who are experiencing repeat pregnancy loss or when the woman is of advanced maternal age. We offer different levels of PGS testing based on individual risk factors and physician recommendations.

Comprehensive Chromosomal Screening (CCS)

CCS allows doctors to choose the healthiest embryo from a group of embryos, helping to reduce some of the most common risks associated with IVF. CCS also helps to reduce the likelihood of multiple births because doctors are more confident in the health of the embryos, and do not need to transfer additional embryos to compensate.