We often assume that infertility is solely a female problem as the woman carries the baby. In fact, up to 50 percent of all infertility cases involve the male partner. Male infertility is usually related to abnormal sperm production or sperm function. Problems can occur anywhere in the production of sperm including hormonal regulation, storage, and transport of sperm. Genetic abnormalities can also contribute to decreased sperm or abnormal function. Fortunately, there are treatments that can help improve a couple’s chances of becoming pregnant even when the semen analysis is abnormal. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is one of the most commonly performed procedures for male infertility. Other procedures including aspirations, biopsies, and varicocele repair can also be useful. Intrauterine Insemination can be used in cases of mild male factor infertility. Once you have a diagnosis of male factor infertility, First IVF and Day Surgery Centre will help you in selecting the best options available.
Causes of male factor infertility
A variety of conditions can lead to male infertility, including problems with sperm production, blockages in the reproductive tract, hormonal disorders, and problems within the testicle itself---all issues which affect sperm quality and quantity.
A man's health history and lifestyle can also affect his fertility. A past history of drug, alcohol or cigarette use, mumps after puberty, previous urologic surgery, prostate infections, a history of sexually transmitted diseases and current medications can all impact sperm production or delivery.
The first step in determining what could be preventing conception is obtaining a thorough history from the male partner to evaluate for factors that are associated with male infertility. The next step is usually a semen analysis. For the semen analysis, a fresh semen sample is obtained and evaluated for various factors including sperm count, motility and morphology. Blood tests to measure hormone levels may also reveal pertinent information about testicular function and possible causes of infertility. A genetic assessment and diagnostic tests may also be taken that assess the ability of the man's sperm to penetrate and fertilize the egg.
Treatment will depend on the cause of the man's infertility. Surgical therapy, treatment with medications, and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are some of the treatment options available that can help nature along toward achieving pregnancy. Below are a few treatments that are offered at First IVF and Day Surgery Centre.